A frequent headache, often on one side of the head, sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and severe sensitivity to light and sound. dark).
Migraines can adversely affect people’s lives, daily returns at work, at home, and even their sexual performance.
“Migraine is a neurological disorder involving neurological and vascular changes in the brain that occur during a headache attack,” says Susan Brunner, medical director of the Manhattan Headache Center in New York City. “People with a genetic predisposition to migraine have a reduced threshold for activation.” Pain centers’ in the brain and are therefore more sensitive to stimuli that cause pain. This pain occurs when the activity of a wave of neurons stops, causing the neuronal secretion to stop, which in turn causes vasculitis and stimulates the pain structures deep inside the brain. ”
– Identify the cause: If you are vulnerable to migraines may be useful to know some of the triggers that provoke it, and you can track the headaches and determine the time and symptoms on a monthly calendar to help you understand the type of activities you are doing and the potential triggers for such as:
Low estrogen levels: “Before menstruation, women experience a sharp drop in estrogen levels and cause migraines,” says Dr. Andrew Michael Blumenfeld, director of the Southern California Headache Center. Low-dose estrogen present in the pill may help relieve pain.
– Alcohol: If you have “alcohol effects” (headache, voice and picture retardation) after a single drink, you may actually suffer from migraines, so avoid alcohol that causes you a headache within 8 hours after consumption. “The good news is that headaches are caused by certain types of alcohol,” says Dr. Blumenfeld. “People can eat vodka instead of beer, and they stay fine for the headache.”
– Skip some meals: Fluctuations in blood sugar can lead to a cascade of escalating pain that causes you migraines, so never stay without food for more than 3 hours. “Add light protein whenever you eat to keep your glucose levels stable,” says Dr. Brunner.
– Caffeine: If you consume large amounts of caffeine regularly, you make yourself vulnerable to headaches, which can stimulate the center of the headache in the brain and turn into migraines. The maximum recommended by doctors for caffeine per day is 200 mg which is approximately one cup of coffee.
Sleep disorders: A study in 2010 found that sleep-deprived mice experienced changes in the main proteins associated with migraines.
Migraine Solutions: Physiotherapy
Ice Packs: You should always choose cold instead of heat to stop migraine pain. Snow is anti-inflammatory, says Caroline Bernstein, director of the Harvard Center for Comprehensive Headache Treatment.
Dietary supplements: In a recent study involving people with chronic migraines who took 400 mg of riboflavin (vitamin B2) daily for three months, the result was that they had significantly fewer headaches, and the supplement CoQ10 (CoQ10) proved effective. In the prevention of migraines in another clinical study.
Relaxation techniques: Massage can relieve neck and shoulder cramps, while Tai Chi, a Thai martial art, increases body awareness, making it easier to spot and treat headaches. Mind-focused yoga such as Hatha and restorative yoga also help to relax the body and reduce headaches.
Herbs: New recommendations from the American Academy of Neurology confirm that butterbur can prevent migraine attacks, possibly because it supports healthy blood flow to the brain. Anise may also reduce the frequency of migraines, but clinical evidence of this is still inconclusive.
– Acupuncture: Many studies have found that acupuncture provides some positive results regarding the elimination of migraines in the long term, such as drugs, but without side effects. While this activity can be partly due to the effect of a “placebo” effect, acupuncture still offers real comfort.
Migraine Solutions: Medical Treatments
Triptans: These over-the-counter drugs were developed in 1991 to stop migraines.
– Beta-blockers / antihypertensives: Used to treat high blood pressure, angina and fast heartbeat, these drugs are also used to prevent migraines being affecting related blood vessels. They can cause a few side effects but sometimes they can lead to a serious heart rate drop.
Anti-inflammatory drugs: For some migraine sufferers, prescription drugs to stop seizures also reduce the frequency of migraines by at least 50%, perhaps because they prevent some neurotransmitters from functioning, but can cause harmful side effects such as confusion and drowsiness. Continuous.
Antidepressants: Antidepressants are effective in treating migraines. The researchers say this is because some migraine attacks occur because of abnormal serotonin levels, which these drugs work to restore to normal levels and balance, but they do not recommend them. Usually, if you don’t really need treatment for depression.
Botox: The use of Botox was approved by the FDA in 2010, and the use of Botox injections to treat chronic migraines has become a preventive step as clinical trials have shown. The treatment involves about 31 injections, given approximately every 12 weeks. Side effects of this method are rare.