Chess Facts: Chess is the most famous strategy game on the planet and has a very long rich history.
It’s also a fun activity to get used to, are you excited to learn more about this game? So follow these 25 facts you don’t know about chess.
The origin of chess
- Chess originated in India during the Gupta Empire almost 1400 years ago, from where it moved to the Persian Sassanid Empire, and then to the Middle East after the Muslims conquered Persia and from there it spread to Europe and Russia.
- In 1985, the Soviet player Gary Kasparov became the youngest world chess champion at the age of 22 years and 210 days, and is considered by many experts as the greatest chess player in the world. From 1986 until his retirement in 2005, Kasparov was ranked first in the world.
- The pawn moved two squares forward instead of one when its first move in the game was added by the Spanish in 1280.
- The first mention of chess in America was in 1641 in the days of Dutch settlement, and the first American chess tournament took place in New York in 1843.
- The longest time recorded in a chess game was for international player Trois from Brazil, where it took twenty-two minutes in the seventh move.
- The first chess game between astronauts and someone on Earth was on June 9, 1970 by the Soyez-9 crew, and the game ended in a draw.
- Originally, the minister could only move one box diagonally, later he could move two cells together diagonally. This modification of the game came after Queen Isabella took power in Spain, making the minister the strongest piece on the board.
- The oldest chess game in history was between the historian Baghdadi and his student 900 years ago.
- The legendary computer scientist Alan Turing developed the first computer program to play chess in 1951.However, at the time, there was no computer strong enough to handle, so Turing tested it by doing the calculations himself and playing based on the results.Each movement took several minutes.
- The first computer to achieve a chess tournament was called “Deep” in November 1988 in Long Beach California.
- The first computer to beat a world chess champion was Deep Blue, which defeated world champion Gary Kasparov in 1997.
The oldest surviving chess set to date is on the Isle of Lewis in northern Scotland, dating back to the 12th century, probably made in Iceland or Norway, and appeared in the Harry Potter series as magic chess pieces.
The most famous player to retain the World Chess Championship is Dr. Emmanuel Lasker from Germany, where he held the title for 26 years and 337 days, from 1894 to 1921.
The second book printed in English was about chess, while the first was a series of stories about the Trojan War.
In 1561 the Spanish priest Roy Lopez de Segura wrote a book called “Book of the liberal invention and art of the game of chess”, the first full study of this game.
Psychologists consider chess an effective remedy to improve memory function. It also trains the brain to solve complex problems and work with ideas. It also fights Alzheimer’s disease.
The phrase “checkmate” comes from the Persian phrase “the shah died” which means that the king is dead, but in the origin of the game means that “the king is confined” or “the king cannot escape”.
At the age of seven, Alechin Nuri became the youngest professional in the world at the World Chess Federation.
“New recruits in the game” This phrase describes players in their first year and is derived from the chess stone, which is usually the last stone that is stirred on the board.
The folded chessboard was invented in 1125 by a priest who played chess. This is because the church prevented priests from playing chess and concealed the board with a single industry that looks like two portable books together.
The first mechanical chess clock was invented by Thomas Wilson in 1883, previously the hourglass was first used in London in 1862, and the contemporary button-clock was completed by Vinhoff in 1990.
The longest chess game was played between Nikolic and Arsovich in Belgrade in 1989, which ended with 269 moves, and lasted 20 hours and 15 minutes to complete a full match.
Theoretically the longest chess game can reach 5949 movements.
The number of possible unique chess games is greater than the number of electrons in the universe, where the number of electrons is estimated at 79 ^ 10 and the number of unique chess games at 120 ^ 10.
The number of chess players around the world is estimated at 700 million, and many scientists have confirmed that playing chess has magical and precious effects on the